Indians would live for about four years longer on an average if the country meets the WHO’s air quality standards, according to a new study.
To help improve India’s air quality, researchers from the University of Chicago and Harvard Kennedy School have laid out five key evidence-based policy recommendations in a new report titled ‘A Roadmap Towards Cleaning India’s Air’, The Energy Policy Institute at the University of Chicago said in a statement.
Noting that ambient air pollution alone may cost India more than $500 billion per year, the report also says that it’s causing hundreds of millions of people in the country to lead shorter and sicker lives. A group of researchers have proposed a slew of measures to overcome the issue that includes applying monetary charges on excess emissions.
The report recommends improving emissions monitoring by better aligning incentives of auditors, providing regulators with real-time data on polluters’ emissions, applying monetary charges for excess emissions, providing the public with information about polluters, and using markets to reduce abatement costs and pollution.
Moreover, if India were to meet the WHO’s air quality standards, its people would live about four years longer on an average. The economic costs of pollution, through its impact on health care expenditures and workforce productivity, will be significant, it said.
Under the World Health Organisation quality standards, fine particulate matter (PM2.5) should be 10 µg/m3 annual mean and 25 µg/m3 24-hour mean while the coarse particulate matter (PM10) 20 µg/m3 annual mean and 50 µg/m3 24-hour mean.(Story Courtesy:ET)